Membranes

Ross flow membrane filtration is a pressure-driven separation process. Application: Industrial, food, water, chemical, and biotechnology markets, as well as for those providing environmental protection.

Membranes serve as highly engineered, physical barriers that permit the passage of materials only up to a certain size, shape or character. Zamzam offers reverse osmosis membranes, Filmtec, Koch, Toray and Hydranautics in a variety of configurations, materials and sizes; each designed to meet specific application needs.

 

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Dow/Filmtec

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Hydranutics

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Koch

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Toray

 

Membranes: Filmtec, Hydranautics, Koch and Toray 

There are four main membrane separation processes currently employed for liquid/liquid and liquid/solid separation: micro filtration (MF), ultra filtration (UF), Nan filtration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO).

Spiral wound products have become the most commonly used membranes for industrial water applications such as boiler make-up water, brackish water treatment, seawater desalination, microelectronics and pharmaceutical water applications. These membranes are available as UF, NF and RO.

What is Semi-permeable Membrane?

Semi-permeable membrane refers to a membrane that selectively allows certain species to pass through it while retaining others. In actuality, many species will pass through the membrane, but at significantly different rates. In RO, the solvent (water) passes through the membrane at a much faster rate than the dissolved solids (salts). The net effect is that a solute-solvent separation occurs, with pure water being the product. (In some cases, dewatering is desired to concentrate the salts).

What is Osmosis?

Osmosis is a natural process involving the fluid flow of across a semi-permeable membrane barrier. Consider a tank of pure water with a semi-permeable membrane dividing it into two sides. Pure water in contact with both sides of an ideal semi-permeable membrane at equal pressure and temperature has no net flow across the membrane because the chemical potential is equal on both sides. If a soluble salt is added on one side, the chemical potential of this salt solution is reduced. Osmotic flow from the pure waterside across the membrane to the salt solution side will occur until the equilibrium of chemical potential is restored. In scientific terms, the two sides of the tank have a difference in their “chemical potentials,” and the solution equalizes, by osmosis, its chemical potential throughout the system. Equilibrium occurs when the hydrostatic pressure differential resulting from the volume changes on both sides is equal to the osmotic pressure. The osmotic pressure is a solution property proportional to the salt concentration and independent of the membrane.

Zamzam. is a wholesalers’ of the reverse osmosis membranes, Hydranautics membranes, filmtec membranes (dow membranes), koch membranes, toray membranes.

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